UW 360 Season 7: Episode 10


CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Today on UW 360 sounding
an environmental alarm, how a UW scientist is helping penguins share an urgent message
about our world. Plus getting girls to embrace science, technology,
engineering, and math, and the UW research that says the earlier the better. Also, the UW partnership that led to the creation
of a 3D microscope that could be a powerful new tool for cancer treatment. And the end of an era for UW athletics as
legendary sportscaster Bob Rondeau signs off as the longtime voice of the Huskies. [MUSIC PLAYING] Hi, everyone. From the University of Washington, I’m Carolyn
Douglas. Welcome to UW 360. They’re called sentinel species, animals on
the front lines of sounding the alarm about environmental issues and climate change. One UW professor has dedicated her life to
not only studying and protecting sentinel creatures, but also amplifying their message
through the power of video. And when you step inside her office, it’s
no secret which of these sentinel creatures she loves most. DEE BOERSMA: You never know when you’re going
to fall in love. Just you’re minding your own business, and
I clearly fell in love with penguins. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: It’s a love affair that began
more than 40 years ago when Dr. Dee Boersma first traveled to the Galapagos Islands in
Ecuador to study its penguin population. DEE BOERSMA: Everybody likes penguins, or
at least, I think almost everybody does. They’re comical. They walk upright. We identify with them. And they’re really interesting. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: And like their fellow sentinel
creatures, penguins are also extremely helpful in sounding the alarm about environmental
hazards like pollution, overfishing, and climate change. Dr. Boersma regularly travels to Ecuador and
Argentina to continue to study their penguin populations and the messages they convey. DEE BOERSMA: They really are wonderful reflectors
of environmental conditions. We think of them as sentinels, meaning like
the canaries in the coal mine. So this is how it works in the field. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: But what good is sounding
an alarm if no one’s listening? Dr. Boersma and her team at the UW Center
for Ecosystem Sentinels have compiled decades of research about the penguins’ lifestyles
and environment. DEE BOERSMA: When penguins walk across this
scale– CAROLYN DOUGLAS: But in an age of overwhelming
information and limited attention spans, she realized scientists like herself must not
only write and speak about their research. DEE BOERSMA: Wildlife is telling us the state
of our planet. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: But also show it to the general
public through the power of video, letting the penguins speak for themselves. DEE BOERSMA: If penguins are telling you this,
you might pay more attention to it than if a person actually tells you about it. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Which is why she now offers
a course called science communication to teach biology students about storytelling and video
editing. KATRINA FERGUSON: Penguins are very photogenic
and characteristic. And so having the video platform to do that
allows us to tell their powerful message in a short period of time. DEE BOERSMA: And so it’s like going through
a toll booth. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: So Dr. Boersma and her team
continue to work with the penguins like devising easier, safer ways to measure their weight
and learning how to track their age through the coloration of their feet. DEE BOERSMA: My hope is that my students will
change the world and make it better for people, but in particular, for penguins and other
sentinel species. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: It’s all part of a never
ending mission to demonstrate how environmental problems affect all of us and how humans can
help. DEE BOERSMA: With these sentinel species,
you can alert people to some of these problems, and we can do better. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: And thanks in part to the
work happening here, she is more hopeful than ever. DEE BOERSMA: Because we can make a difference
for these other creatures in the world, and it will enrich our lives. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Dr. Boersma’s course science
communication is offered through the UW Biology Department. And her book Penguins: Natural History and
Conservation is a best seller for the University of Washington Press. You can learn more about that and view her
students’ videos on the Center for Ecosystem Sentinel’s web site, which we’ve linked to
our own site. Still to come, the end of an era for UW sports
as the voice of Husky football and basketball hangs up his microphone. Plus, getting girls to say yes to science,
technology, engineering, and math before they’ve already decided to shut the door on STEM classes
and careers. And how doctors at UW Medicine are using new
technology to save the lives of stroke patients. As UW 360 continues. ANNOUNCER: The following UW 360 story is made
possible by the generous support of BECU. BECU, more than just money. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Welcome back to UW 360. How often have you heard a student say, I’m
no good at math or science? University of Washington researchers have
learned that girls, in particular, draw conclusions about their science and technology abilities
much earlier than anyone suspected, even by the time they start elementary school. Stacy Sakamoto spoke with a researcher about
the findings and about some ways to boost girls’ interest in science and technology. STACY SAKAMOTO: This isn’t just play time. It could be nurturing an interest and confidence
in a career in technology. GIRL: I need the two wires. I need the red and black wires. No, wait, wait, wait, wait. STACY SAKAMOTO: Researchers from the University
of Washington’s Institute for Learning and Brain Science have found that girls make up
their minds at an early age about their abilities in STEM, science, technology, engineering,
and math. SAPNA CHERYAN: Sadly, by age six girls and
boys already have stereotypes that boys are better at robots and programming. RESEARCHER: We’re finding that a lot of times
the foreign born people, they really like it. STACY SAKAMOTO: Sapna Cheryan, an associate
professor in the Department of Psychology, was one of the researchers. The team also found that early experiences
with programming and robots sparked an interest and inspired confidence in young girls. SAPNA CHERYAN: So what we were interested
in in this study is looking at young girls, six-year-old girls and boys, and trying to
figure out, how can we get girls more interested in topics that they’re not as interested in
right now as boys are, for example robotics and programming. STACY SAKAMOTO: As part of the study, researchers
guided six-year-olds to use a smartphone to control a robotic animal. SAPNA CHERYAN: For a lot of little kids, it’s
their first time programming something, and it’s a really cute little robot. And you see them gain more confidence. STACY SAKAMOTO: Researchers found that after
completing the simple programming activity, the child’s interest and confidence increased. SAPNA CHERYAN: 20 minutes engaging with a
robot toy and programming this toy actually did successfully increase girls’ interest
and their self-efficacy, which is another way of saying kind of their beliefs that they
could do well at programming and robotics. STACY SAKAMOTO: We shared those findings with
women in STEM fields, and they agreed that love of science came at an early age nurtured
by family members and their own curiosity. Beatriz Medel is a UW freshmen. BEATRIZ MEDEL: I remember my grandpa had this
old radio. And he let me play with it. And I think that’s what kind of motivated
me to go into that electrical engineering field. STACY SAKAMOTO: Karla Herpoldt is a post-doctoral
researcher in the Institute for Protein Design. KARLA HERPOLDT: My dad is an engineer. So we always grew up taking things to pieces. STACY SAKAMOTO: And brooke Fiala is a research
scientist. BROOKE FIALA: I’d set up of science experiments
at home putting sliced oranges in drawers and seeing how long they’d take to mold and
everything, but my parents tended to in the way of those sorts of experiments. STACY SAKAMOTO: They all want to see more
women in STEM fields. KARLA HERPOLDT: With the right environment,
and the right programs, the right teachers in school can make such a difference. And something one day just clicks, and you
think, actually, I can do this. But you have to have a friend group that’s
supportive of that. You have to have peers who aren’t going to
judge you for being the smart one or the nerdy one, or whatever. SAPNA CHERYAN: My goal is let’s open up the
field so that there are many different types people who can put it on the table as a career
and feel like it’s something they can do. GIRL: Connect this here. Oh, this is going to work. This is going to work. STACY SAKAMOTO: A smart toy could be a start. GIRL: Three, two, one! [LAUGHING] CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Professor Cheryan says it’s
not enough to simply introduce girls to tech toys at an early age. She says it’s also important to think about
the entire culture of STEM fields and to make that world more inviting to women and girls. Now to a new scientific tool to help cancer
patients. A collaborative effort of the University of
Washington College of Engineering and School of Medicine is working to produce a new kind
of microscope that could be a valuable tool for cancer treatment. This is not your conventional microscope. JONATHAN LIU: This is what we call optical
suctioning. We use light to cut into the tissue, and then
we imaged that illumination plane with a camera, a very sensitive high speed camera so that
we can get an image that looks like it’s been cut and placed on a glass slide but without
actually having to disrupt the tissue or to cut into it at all. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: The open top places all the
optics below a glass plate, allowing larger tissues to be imaged. ADAM GLASER: And we can take a whole 2D picture. Now, rather than getting one pixel at a time,
we’re getting millions of pixels at a time. And then by using a high speed camera and
then moving the tissue, we can get a 3D image in orders of magnitude faster, on the order
of minutes. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Producing a 3D image faster
shows promise in improving surgical procedures. LARRY TRUE: It should be more accurate diagnosis,
and the speed is so impressive. If we can put it on the light sheen microscope,
stain it with a couple of dyes, and we can do that within 20 minutes. And so patients can still be there. NICHOLAS READER: I’d say there are two main
clinical implications. The first one is related to the ability to
image large surface areas. And that’s really helpful for guiding a surgeon
during surgery. Being able to tell a surgeon during surgery
this margin is positive, you need to take a little more tissue. So that way there isn’t cancer remaining in
the woman’s body, and we don’t need an extra operation. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Current pathology practices
require the physical cutting of specimens. The 3D microscope preserves specimens for
additional study. JONATHAN LIU: So you can preserve that valuable
tissue for other purposes. Clinically now, they’re very interested in
genetic sequencing, for example, looking at the DNA and RNA within the tissues to determine
if the tumor is there or not. NICHOLAS READER: We think by being able to
image the tissue, get this microscopic image non-destructively, we can send all of the
tissue for other studies and improve diagnosis in that way as well. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: So what’s next? We’ve We’ve shown the basic feasibility of
our technology that we can obtain beautiful images of tissues that look like they’re mounted
on a glass slide that we can do three dimensional microscopy of biopsies, which can aid in diagnosis
and improve in the clinician’s ability to determine tumor from normal tissues as well
to determine the grade of the tumor. So the next step would be to do more extensive
clinical studies to prove that this technology can actually help patients. That by using this technology, the clinicians
can improve their decisions of what types of treatments these patients need as well
as the aggressiveness of the tumor. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: The 3D microscope is just
one example of the kind of innovation and collaboration happening here at the University
of Washington, which is fast becoming one of the top innovation districts in our region. Still ahead, the longtime voice of the Huskies
signs off. We look back at the remarkable career of Bob
Rondeau. Plus, the cutting edge medical technology
that helped this UW Medicine patient walk out of the hospital after suffering a traumatic
stroke as UW 360 continues. ANNOUNCER: The
following UW 360 story is made possible by the generous support of UW Medicine Neurosciences
Institute. More at uwmedicine.org/nsi. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Welcome back to UW 360. It’s an unsettling statistic from the American
Stroke Association. Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States
has a stroke. And every year, about 800 of them are rushed
to UW Medicine emergency rooms, where they’re cared for by a team of doctors, surgeons,
and nurses, who race against the clock. Stacy Sakamoto introduces us to one patient
who says he owes his life to the team at UW Medicine and to his young granddaughter. STEVEN OWENS: Well, we’re getting ready for
my grandson’s birthday party, and I was right outside on the back deck trying to surprise
him, with his sisters helping me of course. Blowing up a pool. I was blowing it up like this. I felt myself getting weak. The next thing I knew I was down on the ground
right here. LOUIS KIM: A stroke is any sort of damage
to the brain, whether it be from bleeding into the brain directly or from a blood vessel
being blocked by some obstruction that prevents oxygen from getting to parts of the brain. We have an incredible team of doctors, nurses,
intensivists, interventionalists, neurosurgeons, and radiologists who are all dedicated to
the treatment of both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. STACY SAKAMOTO: Health care providers emphasized
the need for medical treatment at the first sign of a stroke. They use the phrase time is brain. MICHAEL LEVITT: If you can imagine, the stroke
is sort of like the brain holding its breath. It can’t hold its breath for very long. So the faster a patient presents for treatment,
the more likely it is that that person will have a good outcome. STACY SAKAMOTO: Steven Owens didn’t want his
family to call 911, but his 11-year-old granddaughter, Angelina, insisted. ANGELINA RANKIN: Because his arm was turned
that way. STEVEN OWENS: She showed me. I just wanted to say your mouth was– STACY SAKAMOTO: Paramedics rushed him to the
hospital, where he was treated for an ischemic stroke by a team from the UW Medicine Neurosciences
Institute Comprehensive Stroke Center. KYRA BECKER: And the treatment for ischemic
stroke is a shot of a medicine called TPA, tissue plasminogen activator, which is a thrombolytic
that dissolves blood clots. And that medicine has to be given within 4
and 1/2 hours at the latest. STEVEN OWENS: And then after that, they scheduled
me to go in for the surgery. And once they went in with the surgery and
stuff, and pulled the blood clot out– MICHAEL LEVITT: And that’s where a small catheter
is weaved into the blood vessel and the blockage. And then the blockage is pulled out. The blood clot is actually pulled out of the
blood vessel. STACY SAKAMOTO: The procedure was performed
in a state of the art operating room called the Angio Suite. LOUIS KIM: This Angio Suite is really the
cutting edge. This is the sharpest knife in our tool box
in terms of the cutting edge neurosurgical care that we can deliver for endovascular
using these very precise tools in order to get to where we need to go. STEVEN OWENS: That’s my angel baby. STACY SAKAMOTO: Owens is grateful for his
quick thinking family. STEVEN OWENS: If I would have waited two more
minutes, my whole side probably would’ve been paralyzed, and I wouldn’t be able to talk. MICHAEL LEVITT: It’s an incredible feeling
to watch a patient leave the hospital and know that they’re going to go on to recover
and forget all about us. If we do our job the best we possibly can,
then the patient does not think about how they were in the hospital sick with a stroke
or another neurological disorder. And they just are able to lead their lives
the way they want and do the things that make life worth living. And so our best patients, to my mind, are
the ones that forget all about this. STACY SAKAMOTO: But Owens thinks he’ll never
forget the care he received from the UW Medicine Neurosciences Institute Comprehensive Stroke
Center. STEVEN OWENS: If it wasn’t for them, I wouldn’t
be here sitting, talking to you now. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Steven and his health care
team at UW Medicine have this lifesaving advice for how to recognize when someone is having
a stroke. They call it FAST. F for face drooping, A, arm weakness, S, speech
difficulty, and T, time to call 911. Straight ahead, one of the most iconic voices
in the history of northwest sports. Legendary sports broadcaster Bob Rondeau has
been the voice of the Huskies for nearly four decades. Now, he’s hanging up this microphone. A look back at his remarkable career next
on UW 360. Welcome back to UW 360. He is a huge part of Husky sports history,
calling out the names of football greats from Napoleon Kaufman to Marques Tuiasosopo and
UW basketball stars Isaiah Thomas to Detlef Schrempf. Bob Rondeau has seen it all. And now, the Hall of Fame announcer is retiring. Erin Mayovsky has his story. BOB RONDEAU: It has the distance. It’s good. End zone for an illogical touchdown! Mark Patterson’s going all the way! Touchdown, Washington! It’s been the centerpiece of my professional
life. Intercepted! Nate Robinson! Joe Kelly going in to the five! Touchdown, Washington! It has been everything I could have asked
for in a career and then some. Angling out to the near side 35, 40, has the
sideline at midfield, cutting back, Pettis, at the 40, at Montana 30. ERIN MAYOVSKY: After nearly 40 years and 1,400
football and basketball games, the legendary voice of the Huskies– BOB RONDEAU: Into the end zone! Are you kidding me? Touchdown Washington, Dante Pettis. ERIN MAYOVSKY: Bob Rondeau is hanging up the
microphone. And especially, getting no help from his wife. BOB RONDEAU: If it was Molly’s decision, I
would do this until the day I die. She was very much, you got a few more years,
you know. You’re still young. Why don’t you stay on? Jake to throw on first down. Gunn’s at far side. MOLLY RONDEAU: As a fan, I’m going to be as
sad as everybody else in this city. But as his wife, I’m very excited for him. He has lots of plans and lots of stuff we’re
going to do. BOB RONDEAU: 239 yards. LORRIN RONDEAU: He’s just so incredible at
what he does. He’s such a perfectionist. That comes out in his work. He’s amazing. BOB RONDEAU: Let’s for a little throwback. Comes to Trey Adams. ERIN MAYOVSKY: After 37 years in the broadcast
booth, it’s easy to find people who respect what Bob has meant to the university and community. CHRIS PETERSEN: Bob Rondeau, I think, most
people whatever you choose to do, would really hoping you could have a career that was so
special and iconic. JENNIFER COHEN: You don’t replace Bob Rondeau. You just don’t. He is a legend, remarkable man. He’s been in our homes and our hearts for
so long. BOB RONDEAU: Van Soderberg with his first
Husky kickoff. ART THIEL: I think a lot of people may take
it for granted because he’s so smooth. But a lot of work goes into it, and Bob has
mastered the profession almost like no one I know. ERIN MAYOVSKY: On this night, we found Bob
his comfort zone in, the broadcast booth doing his thing and his legendary touchdown call. BOB RONDEAU: Straight ahead into the end zone. Touchdown Washington. DAMON HUARD: Man, it’s unfortunate for us
Husky fans. We love Bob and know when his voice comes
on the air in the fall that all is right. We’re going to miss him. BOB RONDEAU: 21-7, Huskies. ELISE WOODWARD: He is so professional, but
he’s also so much fun. And I’ve never worked with anybody as prepared
as Bob Rondeau. ERIN MAYOVSKY: Husky football and basketball– BOB RONDEAU: Crossover moves. Step back, jumper on the way– [CHEERING]
At the buzzer! It is gone! ERIN MAYOVSKY: –Are only part of Bob Rondeau’s
life. His other love? BOB RONDEAU: Just another day in the workplace. ERIN MAYOVSKY: These little guys who know
a little bit about Bob’s incredible career. BOB RONDEAU: I’m 67 years old. I’ve had the time of my life certainly doing
Husky athletics, but there comes a time for all of us to move on. And that time for me is now. Tochdown, Washington! CHILDREN: Touchdown, Washington! BOB RONDEAU: Touchdown, Washington! Wow! CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Rondeau says he’ll be spending
a ton of time traveling, hanging with his grandkids, and fishing. Tony Castricone has already been named the
new basketball play by play man. He’ll also call Husky football in 2018. And that does it for this edition of UW 360. If you’d like more information on any of the
stories you saw today, just head to our website at uwtv.org/uw360. You’ll also find us on Facebook and Twitter. I’m Carolyn Douglas. Thank you for watching, and we’ll see you
next time with all new stories from the University of Washington.

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