The Rise And Fall Of Pakistan’s Benazir Bhutto | NowThis World


Just over 10 years ago, one of Pakistan’s
most-iconic leaders was assassinated as she was preparing to run for office. Her fight for democracy and liberalization,
in an extremely conservative society, inspired many people in Pakistan and around the world. But her story isn’t simply one of progress
— it’s also one of turmoil. Hey guys, I’m Judah and today we’re looking
back at the life and tragic death of Pakistan’s first female Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto. Benazir was born into a politically active
family in Karachi. Her grandfather was a feudal lord that helped
pave the way for Pakistan to become an autonomous state for south asian muslims. Her father, Zulfikar Bhutto, served as president
of Pakistan and in 1973 became the nation’s first democratically elected Prime Minister. So Benazir was exposed to the world of politics
from a very early age. In college she went on to study government
and law at Harvard and Oxford. This is where she began shaping her own world
view — one that focused on democratic principles, liberalization, and women’s rights. After graduating from Oxford in 1977, Benazir
returned home to Pakistan. Her father was still Prime minister, but not
for long. In July of that year, a military general,
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, who was appointed by her father, staged a coup and declared martial
law. He placed Zulfikar Bhutto under arrest and
his family under house arrest. The military action would later be referred
to at “Operation Fair Play.” The general became president, and by many
accounts, turned the government into a brutal military dictatorship. In 1979, things got even worse. The former Prime Minister Bhutto, was convicted
of ordering the murder of his political opponents, accusations his party and family still deny. He was hanged by the government in April of
1979. Benazir, 26 years old at the time, and her
mother both continued to work to fight for democracy after his death — but it would
be a long fought battle. Her mother, became the new leader of the Pakistan
People’s Party. They focused their attention on calling out
the military government, while creating their own political platform. “If the Pakistan People’s Party was given
a chance we would naturally take measures, socio-economic measures which we feel would
be for the well-being of our people. We would concentrate on economic, we would
concentrate on literacy, and we would try to mend and make, we would try to mend the
mistakes of the military regime and build bridges which can take our people on to a
better society. A happier society. One where there are fundamental human rights
and a person has self-respect and dignity.” In 1984, after being detained several times,
Benazir returned to the United Kingdom where she became the party’s leader in exile. Two years later, she returned to Pakistan
with clear goals in mind — she wanted the dictatorship that killed her father to come
to an end, and she wanted free and fair elections to take place in Pakistan. She began campaigning for nationwide elections
that year. As this was all happening, in late 1987, she
agreed to an arranged marriage, to Assif Ali Zardari. And she stayed on the campaign trail. Then in August 1988, months before elections
were held, a mysterious plane crash killed the nation’s dictator, general Muhammad
Zia. The unexpected event paved the way for the
popular PPP to rise to power. The group selected Benazir to become the nation’s
next Prime Minister. The move was historic. She became not only the first female leader
of Pakistan, but the first elected female leader of a muslim nation anywhere. Her party promised to run the country on lines
of socialist principles and to improve the lives of women by repealing laws that restricted
their freedom. But as Benazir quickly learned, gaining power
and being in power were two different challenges. Although her party won a majority of seats
in parliament, they still faced a significant conservative opposition that made legislative
moves difficult. Her government wasn’t able to pass any legislation
in her first 14 months in office other than a budget. On top of not being able to deliver on campaign
promises, her party’s government stank with corruption scandals. After coming to power, one of the PPP’s
first acts was to bribe and threaten legislators in Punjab to target Bhutto’s main opposition
— Nawaz Sharif. Sharif was a government official who had close
ties to the former dictatorship. Remember that name. Accusations of corruption also swept through
her cabinet and were even made against her husband, who became known as “Mr. Ten Percent”
— for allegedly extorting that percentage from people seeking to do business with the
government. Only two years after coming to power, Bhutto’s
government was dismissed by the president over the alleged rampant corruption and her
husband spent two years in prison. Her opponent, Nawaz Sharif, who I mentioned
earlier, campaigned on an “anti-corruption” platform and became Prime Minister after her
dismissal. For the most part, she managed to hold on
to her popularity even as she defended herself from misconduct charges in court. But in 1993, she would get her chance again. Prime Minister Sharif would be dismissed for
his own corruption scandals that year. And Benazir once again became Prime Minister
of Pakistan. This time, by a much thinner margin. She didn’t have a working majority in the
parliament and again was still unable to achieve much, even in her second term. She also had to significantly raise taxes
in the country to repay its huge debt to the International Monetary Fund. The tax increases made the public discontent. Then, another corruption scandal involving
her husband, shook her administration. In 1996, she was dismissed from office and
Nawaz Sharif, the former Prime Minister, became Prime Minister again. Bhutto left Pakistan in self-imposed exile
as she faced corruption charges. In 1999, while still away from Pakistan, she
was convicted and sentenced to three years in prison. During this time another military coup ousted
Prime Minister Sharif. General Pervez Musharraf became the new leader
of Pakistan. According to experts another brutal dictatorship
had established itself. After the September 11th attacks in 2001,
the dictatorship became an ally to the U.S.’s war on terror. But as the years went on, Musharraf faced
pressure from the U.S. and others to restore democracy in Pakistan. Another opportunity had presented itself for
Benazir. In 2007, the General signed an amnesty deal
that would allow Benazir to return to Pakistan after more than 8 years in exile. She was seen as the west’s favored candidate
to restore democracy in the country. But because of her support for the U.S.’s
war on terror, and her liberal positions, she became a target of extremism in the country. When she returned, a suicide bomber attacked
her homecoming rally. Nearly 140 were killed in the attack, but
Bhutto managed to survive. Bhutto remained defiant and continued to campaign
for democracy, despite the threat. But she didn’t survive for too much longer. After leaving a rally, Bhutto emerged from
the top of her bomb-proof vehicle to wave to her supporters. Moments later she was shot at close range
and then a bomb went off. She was taken to the hospital, but later died
from her wounds. Mystery has surrounded her death nearly a
decade later. There have been many conspiracy theories but
all that we do know for sure, is that someone wanted her voice silenced. As we saw with Benazir Bhutto’s story, iconic
world leaders can often have complicated histories. So what do you think of Bhutto’s legacy? What impact do you think she had on Pakistan
and even the world? Let me know in the pinned comment below! Thanks watching NowThis World! And please don’t forget to like and subscribe!

100 thoughts on “The Rise And Fall Of Pakistan’s Benazir Bhutto | NowThis World

  • After the IJI government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was also dismissed on corruption charges, Bhutto led the PPP to victory in the 1993 elections. Her second term oversaw economic privatisation and attempts to advance women's rights.

  • After the IJI government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was also dismissed on corruption charges, Bhutto led the PPP to victory in the 1993 elections. Her second term oversaw economic privatisation and attempts to advance women's rights.

  • Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani politician who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 1996. She was the first woman to head a democratic government in a Muslim majority nation. Ideologically a liberal …Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani politician who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 1996. She was the first woman to head a democratic government in a Muslim majority nation. Ideologically a liberal and a secularist, she chaired or co-chaired the centre-left Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) from the early 1980s until her assassination in 2007.

  • Asif Ali zardari shb 11 years in jail and no any one case peoved on his All allegations made b nawaz against zardari shb

  • Her father was a evil power hungry animal. Who committed genocide in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) killed 3million people.

  • You’ve glossed over several important facts. Zia-ul-Haq came to power with the CIA’s help hence American interference because Zulfiqar Bhutto was touting Muslim power (ie with the help of nuclear bomb) a bit too much for the comfort of Americans. Secondly, his daughter was as corrupt as they came. It’s easy to idolize this Harvard-educated scion of a political dynasty as being the champion of democracy, but the truth was anything but. Her husband was known as Mr Ten Percent because on a lot of deals arranged for his company because of his wife, his typical bribe was 10%. Then, there were the human rights abuses. Pakistani women in general suffer to many injustices and languish in jail because somehow, it’s ALWAYS their fault according to law. She did absolutely nothing to help these women. The West may like to think of Ms Bhutto as some type of martyr but the truth is she was just like every other corrupt Pakistani leader.

  • She was the one who gave corruption another chance to survive and she was the one who took mr.ten percent to power I don't believe she was a good leader well I'm too young to pass any comments but PPP is a corrupt political party and Thiers no doubt I can swear by God that this party is corrupt
    Don't know who silenced her but surely was a man who gave power to Mr ten percent

  • wow , what a sad story for the awesome lady . She try her best to help the people but get stop by every turn and in the end , her reward is death by assassination . Imagine how great the Pakistan country is if she is still in power now and with the support of everyone

  • I’m half Pakistani and I came here to see the comments, it’s just hilarious I’m not even offended by them.

  • The sad thing is that even though Nawaz sharif was initially elected based on a anti corruption policy he was convicted for corruption TWICE, and the Pakistani government still let him run in 2018 against Imran Khan. I personally think that Imran Khan against Nawaz Sharif is like if John F. Kennedy campaigned against Donald J. Trump. One of them will help their country succeed, and the other has been known for corruption scandals, fraud, etc.

  • Muslim nations have women leaders before western nations and they’re oppressing women?? Western nation oppress women with super high beauty standards and objectification. Muslim women are more free than western

  • "benazir income support ke tehat apko 20 thousand mile ha mazid malumat ke leya is number par call karin 090078601" all pakistanis were scammed in the name of benazir at some point

  • Benazir had a huge impact on everyone, when she died even in a very small town in India where I lived at the time we as kids were aware of the news.

  • As a Pakistani I prefer army dictator ship rather then democracy. Because we always gets corrupt political leader and for us politician means corruption

  • She has been involved in wife swapping. In london she enjoyed her life and made pakistani people fools

  • I do feel bad for Pakistan, I think, all of these should not have happened, I know there IS a way for Pakistan to be a democratic government rather than be ruled by a dictatorship. Pakistan is being killed by its own leaders Pakistanis view Bin Laden favourably which is a red flag, any country that supports terrorism does not like America, Americans and democracy, Pakistan should've not been like this and I know there will be a time, Pakistan and India will be friends and they would be free from a dictatorship. May everyone have peace!

  • She was also world’s second most influencer women in 2007. Most of her family members were killed. Her father, her 2 brothers, and herself too. Her only sister is still alive. Her mother expired in 2011 after seeing everyone’s death. So sad. She must have been very strong women.

  • Is it just me, or was Pakistan actually a good country up until General Zia came in? We had favorable leaders in the first 25 years of the country and Pakistan was a wealthy and liberal country as was afghanistan and Iran. I feel that once general Zia came into power a lot of things went downhill and also isn't it a coincidence that the iranian revolution in 1979, Zia comming into power in 1970's and mujahideen forming in late 1970's all happened at similar time periods- just when America started forming relations with these coutries. The collapse of a lot Muslim countries all began the minute America started to form 'allies' with them and as a result many went into war and became way more backwards and corrupt than ever before…..

  • CIA and Benazir made a deal.
    CIA killed Zia.
    Benazir was assassinated by Pakistani establishment to counter CIA
    Benazir was not in favor of making the country a nuclear state but nawaz sharief was

  • She has so much blood on her hands, you don't know.. Pakistan is the reason so many Afghans have died!

  • Pakistan has had a female Prime Minister… but US has never had a female President…!!!!
    Weird right???

  • in 2007 when she said in an interview about the guy that killed Usama bin laden…this thing USA did not like because USA wanted to stay in Afghanistan to destabalize/denuclearize pakistan and earn billions of dollars so they killed her to continue their evil war for terror.. USA and their Propaganda…

  • There is no democracy in sharia law. Muslim killed also a muslim. This is what they called paradise. Home of the pedophile.

  • The Bhutto family has been victimized by American foreign policy of primacy since SZAB. Our needs from a dictator caused the jailing of SZAB. the trial was a farce and Mr. Bhutto lost his life and a family lost a father. Most importantly, and most shameful, america had its hhero in the fight against communism. Now, to 2007. Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was asked by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to return to Pakistan and run for office to help restore democracy. Fearing for her life SMBB requested Erik Prince of Blackwater private security to provide protection as she rallied for office. Erik Prince was not allowed to go to pakistan for her. it is not known who said no. either the american or pakistan government ! one of them did. and we know the result. what we need to know is the connections of why she was targeted and if america and pakistan knew. I am not good at writing but have tried for years to show how our policy of primacy ended the lives of the members of the bhutto family. Today, i try to have a voice because the children of SMBB are continuing her fight. what a country if they are not treated as a national treasure.

  • She plundered billions through her husband. She made him investment minister during her first stint as prime minister.

  • Pakistan has to suffer as it did sins to Bangladesh ( former east Pakistan) . I simply don't have sympathy to the Pakistanis.

  • Judah Robinson! Pakistan was carved out of the sub continent to punish India for seeking independence and to block the gradual advancement of the Red Army to the warm waters of the Indian ocean. Benazir Bhutto was just an other pawn in the great game that the British has been playing long before the creation of Pakistan. In 1988 Pakistan fell out of favor when it was clear that the Red Army's defeat in Afghanistan was imminent.Every now and then , couple of leaders of Pakistan that strayed a way were mysteriously gone. Through out the short history of Pakistan, her leaders were educated, exiled, put to power and re exiled in England before returning to Pakistan. Even the current leader of Pakistan, Imran Khan is a product of the same method and strategy. The next female leader of Pakistan will be Malala yousufzai who has been groomed in the past several years, you can bit the farm.

  • Any Indian who is remorseful of how she is killed or how wonderful she was as a leader should be in prison for his/her ignorance.

  • I respect her for having the balls to be a female leader in a Arabic country. Whether people agree with her or not, it takes real strength to live this kind of life. Maybe feminist can learn something from her.

  • the cycle continues butto-suspended for corruption charges,then nawaz comes-suspended for corruption charges,then butto comes and in between military coup,even though pak survived only because of money from us and other countries

  • Ever realize how there are tensions between countries Pakistan & India there is a full scale war simultaneously occurring in YouTube between Pakistanis & Indians either by videos or comments?

  • Are you and the other guy in other videos brothers? You look and sound alike.

    I think you’re both great btw, love the channel

  • I watched her assassination clip on CNN/Aljazeera live follow up…

    I have learnt that despite her achievements she and her husband robbed her nation sore!
    and was proud!

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