Spaniel Holandés / Raza de Perro

Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog. Is a vivacious, industrious, vigilant and
highly intelligent breed that specialises in hunting ducks and exterminating various
kinds of vermin. In Netherlands its unique hunting abilities had already won it a wide-spread
popularity by the XVI century. Despite the adorable personality this breed also has an
independent streak and doesn´t suit well for the role of the first dog. The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje became famous
for its peculiar hunting style as early as in the late Middle Ages. A trap that Netherlanders
call “eendenkooi” is set on water bodies where lots of ducks can be found. The breed
literally received its name in honour of this trap. It´s also can be translated as “decoy
dog” and “dog of the decoy doss”. At the command of the hunter the specimen
of the Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog would begin tolling. The tolling is several cunning manoeuvres
that the dog performs in order to attract the ducks´ attention. Commonly it would
use its tufted tail to decoy the birds into an ambush. By the time preys would find something
more interesting to follow and reach the entry of the trap, the hunter would already stand
there to cut off their way to freedom with nets. This hunting method is considered to
be one the most effective one since it allows to seizure an entire flock in single tolling. The ability to lure a feathered prey without
making the slightest sound is the main reason of the breed´s fame among Netherland hunters.
Being both quick-witted and sly, the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje is also a proficient vermin
eradicator and helps its human masters controlling the number of rats, weasels and other small
creatures that harm properties and crops. This tireless and nimble dog usually chases
these animals with unflinching determination and tenacity. During the Second World War many individual
breed members were killed or became strays. Moreover systematic dog breeding was completely
abandoned. By that point the population of wild ducks in its native land shrank very
substantially. That´s why in 1939 the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje appeared to be in one step from
total demise with only about 25 purebred dogs in existence. Fortunately Baroness Van Hardenbroek
van Ammerstol decided to change the sad fate of the breed and started special program aiming
to reconstruct it. She could locate a pure-blooded bitch named Tommie in a farm in Friesland.
Tommie was crossed to Bobbie and gave birth to the first litter in 1942. Sadly enough
but all puppies except for one male didn´t survive. Another mating was carried out in
1943 and Tommie produced four female puppies, which were nicknamed in honour of the princesses
of Netherlands. By now the Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog returned
its former glory only partially although in 1966 it was eventually granted with recognition
of the Dutch Kennel Club. It´s still reckoned to be a rather rare canine variety. Nonetheless
the breeds´ happy disposition has already earned it certain number of fans in the role
of a companion animal. The friendly and nice appearance of the Small
Dutch Waterfowl Dog may make you think that this dog can be successfully kept as a family
pet. But the character of this breed is the combination of inherent obstinacy and strong
will with endless devotion to its owners. Early and extensive socialisation and obedience
training are essential conditions of its peaceable co-existence with children and other domestic
animals. Besides that this dog is usually endowed with heightened sensitivity, which
means that it can inadequately react to loud sounds, unusual situations or rough-housing
in any form. However the well-brought-up specimen loves spending time with older kids and becomes
the bosom four-legged friend for them. The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje commonly stands
aloof with strangers and shows aggression at
the slightest display of threat to its favourite people or territory. However it´s endowed
with sufficient intelligence to discern the difference between a welcomed guest and an
intruder so it always makes a very reliable guardian. This breed is also marked by excellent
watchdog abilities and will inform its masters about any unfamiliar person in the vicinity
of the house. As a rule the Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog treats
other canines respectfully but some of its specimens (especially unneutered males) may
occasionally put up a fight with their counterparts of the same gender. So the master should always
bear this character trait in mind and be always near when two dogs are getting to know each
other for the first time. This breed is quite belligerent towards other streets non-canine
animals and must be never released off-leash outside the safely enclosed area. Nevertheless
it won´t pester those separate cats and other small pets with whom it´s reared since
very young age. The Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog possesses coat
of an average length, which requires rather trivial amount of maintenance. Groom your
pet with a bristle brush to get rid of dead hair once or twice a week. Apply a pin brush
to work out any tangles that usually form in the feathering on the legs, ears and tail
of the dog. It´s also recommended to slightly water its coat with a vet-approved conditioner
before the procedure. Rare bathing is quite sufficient for this dog. This breed loses
its hair continually and in small portions throughout a year and more intensely twice
a year for about a week. The rest is standard care. The master should
trim the nails of its Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog on
a monthly basis as well as brush its teeth at least weekly. It´s also a good idea to
regularly clip the bushy hair between the dog´s feet so it won´t hinder its movements. Moderate amount of efforts is required to
properly train the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje. The sharp intellect allows it to master very
difficult commands and even sequences of commands. On the other hand this breed is known for
its predisposition to domination so it will never respect the will of meek or indecisive
handler. Make sure to become a true leader in the eyes
of your pet and you will attain great success in its training. This breed often demonstrates
disobedience especially if it´s punished for every minor mistake. It´s essential
to stimulate the interest of this sensitive dog only with its favourite food and encouraging
words. The Small Dutch Waterfowl Dog is commonly
acquired to play the role of the hunter´s assistant and it´s endowed with sufficient
energy and stamina for this job. If you intend to keep this breed as companion animal, you
should provide it with a great deal of exercise for both its agile body and inquisitive mind.
Ideally it should have a daily chance to play off-leash in a well-fenced yard. Be aware that without several lengthy and
brisk walks per day this dog will gradually turn into a tireless destructionist of your
house, not to mention such behavioural problems as unreasonable barking or unmotivated aggression.

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