The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a race
relatively new, recreated less than a century. Part of the toy spaniel that
has existed for centuries as a companion of royalty and nobility. The Cavaliers
descend from the same toy spaniels represented in many paintings of the centuries
XVI, XVII and XVIII of famous artists like Van Dyck and Gainsborough. The spaniels in those
paintings had flat heads, high ears and long noses. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (who should not
confused with the King Charles Spaniel) must its name to the king of England Carlos II (1630-1685),
an obsessed of the race that made his dogs in his bedroom and he took them with
him everywhere. It is even said that he published an edict in which these dogs had the total
right to enter any public place. HISTORY.
From the Renaissance, the Spaniels, between they the predecessors of the Cavalier King Charles
Spaniel, they became very fashionable in the high spheres. These Cavaliers had a life
privileged until the English aristocrats they were infatuated with the Carlino and later
of Japanese Spaniel and Pekingese. It was inevitable that the Cavalier crossed with these three
races and its elongated nose will end up flattening, giving rise to the ancestors of the current King
Charles Spaniel. As there was no standard for the race and
dogs were still not shown, the type and the size of spaniels dogs bred by
The Dukes of Marlborough varied. In the middle of the nineteenth century, however, breeders
English began to organize exhibitions canines and tried to refine different races
dog’s. At that time, it was accepted that the toy dog had a flat face,
lower jaw, domed skull and eyes large, round and frontal. You could say
than the King Charles Spaniels, just like they were represented in paintings of previous centuries,
They were almost extinct. In the 1920s, an American called
Roswell Eldridge started looking in England water dogs that looked like those of
the old paintings. He searched for more five years old, he even took his search
at the Crufts Dog Show. Persuaded the Kennel Club English to allow him to offer 25
sterling, a large sum at that time, for the best dog and the best bitch of the type
seen in the reign of King Charles II. And he offered this prize for five years. At the beginning of the 19th century, an attempt was made to find
the appearance of the original dogs (snout) elongated, little stop and flat skull) and finally,
in 1928, some results were achieved satisfactory, thus drafting the standard
of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel that same year. GENERAL ASPECT: Active dog, funny and
well balanced, with a kind expression. BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: It is a sports dog,
affectionate and without any shyness. Cheerful, friendly, not aggressive and without any hint of nervousness.
HEAD: Skull: Almost flat between the ears.
Fronto-nasal depression (Stop): Shallow. FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Well developed and black, without flesh-colored spots.
Muzzle: The distance from the base of the depression fronto-nasal to the tip of the nose is
1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm). The snout decreases progressively towards the tip. The face is
well filled under the eyes. Any affinity is undesirable.
Lips: Well developed, but without hanging. Jaws / Teeth: Strong jaws, with
perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, that is, that the inner face of the incisors
superiors is in close contact with the external face of the lower incisors;
the teeth should be implanted at an angle straight in the jaws. Eyes: Large, dark, round but not protruding,
quite separated from each other. Ears: Long, high set and covered
of abundant fringed hair. NECK: Moderately long and slightly
Back: Leveling. Loin: Short.
Chest: Moderately developed with ribs well arched.
COLA: The length of the tail should be in harmony with the body, well implanted, carried happily
but never on the dorsal line. Your amputation formerly optional when it should not be amputated
more than a third. EXTREMITIES.
PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Straight members and moderately developed bones.
Shoulders: Well inclined. LATER MEMBERS: Bone moderately
developed. Knees: Well angled.
Hocks: They should not present any signs of having a cow shape or sickle shape.
FEET: Compact, with plantar pads Thick and well covered with long fringed hair.
MOVEMENT: Easy and elegant movement with a lot of impulse given by his later members.
Viewed from front or from behind, limbs anterior and posterior move in a plane
Hair: Long, silky, and without curling. Allowed a slight undulation.
With many fringes. It should not be cut in absolute.
Color: The recognized colors are: · Black and Fire: Bright black with spots
fire on the eyes, on the cheeks, inside of the ears, on the chest, on the extremities
and at the bottom of the tail. The color Fire must be bright. The white spots
they are undesirable · Ruby: A uniform intense red color.
The white spots are undesirable. · Blenheim: bright brown spots
well spread on a white background. The spots should be divided equally
on the head, leaving a free space between the ears for a mark (lunar, lozenge
mark) white much appreciated (a characteristic distinctive of the race).
· Tricolor: Black and white well spaced and divided, with fire spots on the eyes,
cheeks, inside the ears, in the part inside the extremities and in the lower
from the tail. Any other color or other combination of
colors is very undesirable. WEIGHT: Between 5,4 and 8 kg.
There is no established height, but it is desirable a well balanced small dog that
find among these weights. CARE AND HEALTH.
As specific care of the breed we can highlight the need to untangle your hair
often. Being long and leafy, if not your hair is very complicated knots
to undo On the other hand, as we said, It does not take well to be alone, if you
remains at home without company for many hours can get bored or depressed
and become a barker. In addition, this dog needs the same care
basic than any other. So that it grows healthy and have a good quality of life is
important that you offer a high meal quality and that you exercise every day to
keeping fit. It is also essential that receives a good education from small
so that the coexistence is satisfactory. Dogs of this breed are usually pretty
resistant and there are no genetic diseases related to them. However, for
that maintain good health is important Pay attention to your hygiene, especially
to the ears, the eyes and the skin. LIFE EXPECTANCY.
From 9 to 14 years old.