CARDIGAN WELSH CORGI ALL ABOUT HERDING


– [Narrator] Dogumentary
TV, producing the best breed documentaries on YouTube. (dog barks) (soothing music) – Hi, I’m Marty Stewart. – Hi, I’m Tricia Tomono. – I’ve had Corgis since I
was about six years old. My first Corgi was a
Cardigan, that we found on the Indian reservation, and
I have been a fan ever since. – My boyfriend and I had
decided, back about 2003, we wanted to get a dog, and
we had a hard time deciding what breed we wanted because
he preferred little dogs, I preferred big dogs,
so we kinda decided to meet in the middle and get
a big dog with no legs, kinda low to the ground. So we chose Corgis. – Corgis were bred to
herd cattle and that’s why they have the short legs,
so when the cow kicks, they tuck and roll. And they have a tenacious
attitude, they’re like a big, a German Shepherd on short legs. Because that’s what you
need in order to move a cow. – The history of breeds began in Wales, and originally farmers
wanted to have an all-around herding dog, with something
small that was in the house, that wouldn’t eat them
out of house and home. So, but something that was
still able to move cattle, and originally Cardigans were drovers. They were actually originally
sent out in front of the farmer’s herd to clear the way, and clearing out possibly
the neighbor’s cattle off the property for the farmer
to then move his cattle in. But later on, they turned into driving, so they would actually
be behind the cattle which is why they want to work so close, is to keep the cattle moving forward. – The Corgi herds much closer to the sheep than a border collie, or an
Australian shepherd would, those breeds were bred
to kick out in a distance and work from a distance. The Corgi move in very
close to the cattle, in order to try and intimidate them. They apply that technique to the sheep, so lot of the training
we do is to teach a Corgi to go against his natural
instinct and kick out and work sheep from a distance where the sheep are more
comfortable to have the dog. The Corgi compared to
cattle dog compete and herd very similar, they were
both bred to herd cattle. However, the cattle dog is bred
to go to the head of the cow and grip it on the nose
and hold it on the nose. The Corgi was not bred to do that. So that’s about the only
difference between the two. The Corgi and the cattle
dog both, however, work very close to their livestock. – Cardigans, we actually come
down from the tackle breeds, are related to the tackle breeds, which is where the dachshund
and the basset hounds related which is why we do have a little
bit of a bend in the front. They are dwarf dogs, Corgi
does mean dwarf dog in Welsh. Temperament for a Cardigan,
I would definitely have to say, a little aloof on occasion, you know, take a little bit
to warm up to a stranger. They are very intelligent, very smart, and willing to do anything
that you ask of them. The average height for a
Cardigan Welsh Corgi is ten and a half to twelve and a half inches at the withers or the shoulder. Weight, males are going to
run a little bit heavier, usually per our breed standard,
they run about 34-38 pounds, with females running at about 34-30. Life expectancy, I wanna say usually they average about 14 years. I do know Cardigans that
have lived to about 17. They are a hardy little
breed, that’s willing to, you know, do what you ask. – The Cardigan comes in a
lot of different colors, blue merle, they come in
brindle, they come in sable, red and white, and black
with brindle points. The Cardigan is a different
breed from the Pembroke. It has tail and always keeps the tail. On the Pembroke, they dock the tail. Pembroke came from an area
in Wales called Pembroke. It has a more fox-like
appearance than the Cardigan, it is a smaller, slighter
dog than the Cardigan, and it has a higher anxiety level, it can be more active, The Pembroke is a more active
dog, gets more involved in meeting people, greeting others. – And the Pembroke come
down from the spitz, they are a little
different, a little more, I almost want to say higher strung – [Marty] They are high strung (Tricia laughs) – And the Cardigan is actually,
per our breed standard, we do have a bit of a larger
ear, a little more rounded ear. The Pembroke has a pointier, foxy face, the Cardigan does have a full
fox tail, a big bush tail. And we usually always do have a tail. The Cardigan is a little bit bigger boned, so we do weigh a little bit more and we are a little bit
longer than the Pembroke. The Cardigans did, heritage
were developed in Cardiganshire of Wales, my understanding
is that area was a little more hilly, rocky,
so they wanted a little bit of a heavier dog to be
able to handle the terrain, which was a little bit more rough. I mean, the Pembroke’s a
little bit more slight, but from my understanding, that area was a little of a flatland,
and they didn’t need to have a heavier dog with
a bigger foot to handle, the terrain was a little bit different. But originally, at one point,
the American Kennel Club, when they first acknowledged Corgis, did have them grouped
together, in the same group. They considered the Pembroke
and the Cardigan a Corgi. And they were both shown
together in confirmation, and then decided, once they kind of really researched our breed background, that they came from two
different areas of Wales and they were two
different types of Corgi. So, they did decide to split us. And I wanna say that was in the 1930s, when they decided to
split them into separate Cardigan Welsh Corgis,
and Pembroke Welsh Corgis. (dog barks) – We do herd the same, it’s mainly, the big difference between
the Cardigan and the Pembroke was the two different
areas they came from. Which is why they did kind of split and kind of breed a
little bit differently. – [Marty] But both are
barkers, with the Cardigan probably being a bigger
barker than the Pembroke. – [Tricia] (giggles) They
are very willing to tell you all about, that they don’t like something, or very good watchdogs,
because they will let you know when there is something that
does not belong on the property that shows up or if they hear something. So they make very good guard dogs as well. – Yeah, they were bred
to be watchdogs at night, that’s why they have the big ears, so they can hear a lot of noise, and they are a very vocal dog. They will talk just to
hear themselves talk. They actually need quite a bit
of training for socialization because they are more aloof breed, they tend to be suspicious and can be more protective of their owners, so you
must start socializing them quite young and working with
them and getting them familiar with new places, new
people, and new things. And that’s a lifelong commitment, that they continue to have that exposure. The Cardigan Corgi is a herding dog, therefore it needs a job. And you need to provide it a job, and if you do not, it
will provide its own job. And it could be running the fence, it could be barking at everything, it could be digging holes in your yard. You must train that dog in
order for him to be fulfilled. – They are a very easy
breed to train though, they are willing to please, but it is one of those things when you are training,
you definitely have to do different things, change it
up, you can’t drill the same thing over and over again, they
do get very bored with that. But, I mean, they are willing to please, so they are easy to train,
but you need to keep it fresh, and do something different
every time you take them out to do something with them. – I would call a Corgi
a wash and wear dog, I mean, they are easy, they
do have the double coat, so we do shed a lot. And I do mean you could
probably build another Corgi, another Cardigan in probably
about what, a month? – Or a week, actually. They shed 24/7, every day of the year. If you do not like dog
hair, do not get a Corgi. – The first dog that we
worked today, was Todd, he is a Cardigan Welsh
Corgi, he is a black brindle in coloring, he just turned 10 in October. We started herding, really
herding training when he was about three. He is a retired show dog. So he did do confirmation. Herding has been his number one thing, so we went back into
herding training as soon as we finished confirmation. We didn’t really start serious
herding training until he was about five, and that’s
definitely one thing with him. (Marty sighs) I’ve let him get away
with some bad manners, but I also learnt how to
herd and train with him. He was my first herding dog. So we have done lots
of, he likes to be real, in close and tight with the sheep, he likes to be right and push and drive. He really thinks and likes to move fast, which in herding is not
always the best thing, especially when your sheep
have legs three times longer than yours, to try to move them
fast, and be in very tight. But he absolutely loves it, I mean, I could work him all day. – [Marty] The second dog
that we worked was Sonic. He is my six year old
sable Cardigan Corgi, he is working at the
intermediate level of herding, in which he learns to drive
the sheep away from me. And the Corgi likes to bring
the sheep to the human, so to teach them to move them
away is a difficult step. His strengths are that he does kick out wider on his out drive
than a lot of Corgis, but he does like to argue
with you, and so he will stop and bark and argue with
you during a competition. So the third dog we
worked with was Dragoon, my three year old Cardigan Corgi. He is very small for the
breed, he only weighs around 22 pounds, for a male that is quite small. But he has the tenaciousness
of a German shepherd, and he works his sheep with a
fury of the German shepherd. He goes in, he drives them quite nicely, he does have a great out
drive, he will kick way out, but he has his own opinion,
and he works them his way, and he does not like to stop,
and hold his weight right now. So we are working on it. – [Tricia] And then the fourth
dog we saw today was Parker, he is actually related to Todd. It’s Todd’s sister’s
son, so they are related. Parker is five years
old, and he’s definitely a different dog to work than Todd. Parker likes to listen. He’ll stop, he will actually
obey a little bit better. He’s slower, he actually
will walk, and he’s thinking a little bit more about what I’m asking, a little more wanting to please me, instead of I know better than you, I can get this job done without you. He’s just entered into the starter level, the basic beginning level
for herding trialing, he’s actually done quite well. I’m very proud of him. The one thing I do like about
him, he is a little bit softer so if I raise my voice to
let him know I mean business, I need you to do something, to think, he does listen a little bit better. But he also is very, he is
soft enough for the sheep aren’t that intimidated
by him on occasion. So he can get in nice and close and that doesn’t upset the sheep, which is an advantage on occasion, and sometimes it is a disadvantage. But he is learning to do
a lot of different things and I am pretty proud of the dog because he is trying to learn
to work in a smaller pen. (uplifting music) – In conclusion, you’re
either really a Corgi fan, or you’re not. If you are a fan of the Corgi breed, you have to be conscious that
they will defy you many times and while other breeds may lead
you to success in your sport the Corgi is going to challenge you and there’s going to be a lot
of failures along the way, and you need to learn to
smile with them and move on because that’s the nature of the Corgi. – That is very true. They’re, I would have to say, they are very willing to
please, but they also, you laugh at the ones they remember that, and they’ll keep doing
the same thing over again. So you definitely have to
remember to have patience, a sense of humor with this
breed, because they wanna work. They are willing to work, they
have great instinct to do it, you just definitely have to
have patience and, you know, lots of time to spend with them. – And realize they want
to do it their way.

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