Blondi was Adolf Hitler’s German Shepherd
dog, given to him as a gift in 1941 by Martin Bormann. Blondi stayed with Hitler even after
his move into the Führerbunker located underneath the garden of the Reich Chancellery on January
16, 1945. In March or in early April 1945, she had a litter of five puppies with Gerdy
Troost’s German Shepherd, Harras. Hitler named one of the puppies “Wulf”, his favorite nickname
and the meaning of his own first name, Adolf and he began to train her. One of Blondi’s
puppies was reserved for Eva Braun’s sister Gretl, and Eva sent Gretl a letter containing
a photo of Blondi and three of her puppies, Gretl’s being indicated with an arrow.
Hitler was reportedly very fond of Blondi, keeping her by his side and allowing her to
sleep in his bedroom in the bunker. This affection was not shared by Eva Braun, Hitler’s mistress,
who preferred her two Scottish Terrier dogs named Negus and Stasi. According to Hitler’s
secretary, Eva hated Blondi and was known to kick her under the dining table.
In May 1942, Hitler bought another young German Shepherd “from a minor official in the post
office in Ingolstadt” to keep Blondi company. He called her Bella.
During his military service in World War I, Hitler had great affection for a stray white
Fox Terrier named “Fuchsl” and was distraught when he lost him. He had been given a German
Shepherd before named “Prinz” in 1921, during his years of poverty, but he had been forced
to lodge the dog elsewhere. However, she managed to escape and return to him. Hitler, who adored
the loyalty and obedience of the dog, thereafter developed a great liking for the breed. He
also owned a German Shepherd called “Muckl”. Before Blondi, Hitler had two German Shepherd
dogs, a mother [born 1926] and daughter [born ca. 1930] – both named Blonda. In some photos
taken during the 1930s the younger Blonda is incorrectly labeled as Blondi.
Blondi played a role in Nazi propaganda, of which portraying Hitler as an animal lover
was an important aspect. Dogs like Blondi were coveted as “germanischer Urhund”, being
close to the wolf, and grew very fashionable during the Third Reich.
Death During the course of April 29, 1945, Hitler
learned of the death of his ally Benito Mussolini who had been executed by Italian partisans.
This, along with the fact the Soviet Army was closing in on his location, led Hitler
to strengthen his resolve not to allow himself or his wife to be captured. That afternoon,
Hitler expressed doubts about the cyanide capsules he had received through Heinrich
Himmler’s SS. To verify the capsules’ potency, Hitler ordered Dr. Werner Haase to test them
on his dog Blondi, and the dog died as a result. Hitler became completely inconsolable.
According to a report commissioned by Joseph Stalin and based on eye witness accounts,
Hitler’s dog-handler, Feldwebel Fritz Tornow, took Blondi’s pups and shot them in the garden
of the bunker complex on April 30, after Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide. He also killed
Eva Braun’s two dogs, Frau Gerda Christian’s dogs and his own dachshund. Tornow was later
captured by the Allies. Hitler’s nurse, Erna Flegel, said in 2005 that Blondi’s death had
affected the people in the bunker more than Eva Braun’s suicide. After the battle in Berlin
ended, the remains of Hitler, Braun, and two dogs were discovered in a shell crater by
a unit of SMERSH, the Soviet counter-intelligence agency. The dog was exhumed and photographed
by the Soviets. Notes and references
Notes References External links Blondi at Find a Grave