ALL ABOUT PHARAOH HOUNDS: EGYPT’S ANCIENT DOG BREED


– [Announcer] Dogumentary TV, producing the best breed documentaries. (dog barking) (upbeat music) – My name is Robert
Newman, and I have been involved with Pharaoh Hounds
for the last 15 years. I am currently the president of the Pharaoh Hound Club of America. So, the way I discovered
the Pharaoh Hound breed, is I was originally looking
to adopt a Greyhound. And, at the time, I
had multiple small dogs in my house, and they said that perhaps a retired racing Greyhound was not a good match for small dogs. And, I loved the look of the Greyhound, and the Pharaoh Hound,
obviously, is very similar. The story about Pharaoh
Hounds and their history is that they were originally imported by Phoenecian traders
onto the island of Malta. And, that is where they
originally became known. The use for the Pharaoh Hound, and what they originally used for, was for rabbit hunting. And, their actual name
on the island of Malta, is Kelb tal-Fenek, which
means the rabbit dog. The American Kennel Club parent club, which is the Pharaoh
Hound Club of America, that is the only club
recognized by the AKC in terms of the Pharaoh Hound breed, established the standard
for the Pharaoh Hound. The standard in terms
of heights for males, would be 23 to 25 inches in height. And, for bitches, or females, it would be 22 to 24 inches in height. With weight ranging,
probably between 35 pounds for a small female to 55 pounds for a male at the top of the standard. Interestingly in the
Pharaoh Hound standard there are no disqualifications in terms of height, weight, except for,
the only disqualification under the American Kennel
Club is any Pharaoh Hound that has a solid white mark on the back of its neck, or on its side. The gene that carries white
markings within the breed, if that gets overbred and
the white spreads too far, it deviates too much from the standard. In terms of this AKC
standard with respect to the head and specifically the ears, the ears should be held upright, they are not cropped,
they are natural ears. They should be held
erect, not to the sides, giving it a Yoda type
look, which is undesirable, and not too closely held together. But, upright and erect. Sight hounds versus scent hounds, it’s really a designation of
what that particular hound uses as its primary hunting source. So, a sight hound is a
hound that hunts by sight. Versus, for instance, a
Bloodhound, which is a scent hound, and hunts primarily based on scent. The Pharaoh Hound is actually considered both a sight and scent hound. In terms of the history
of the Pharaoh Hound, there’s a bit of controversy. You ask Pharaoh Hound
owners, and they’ll tell you, that the Pharaoh Hound is
the oldest documented breed of domesticated dog, and is actually found within tombs in Egypt, and depictions of the Pharaoh Hound can be found there. In terms of connection
of the Pharaoh Hound to other hound breeds,
they are all obviously somewhat related, the Saluki for instance, is another ancient hound
breed that is a sight hound, as well as the Greyhound. In terms of the exact
genetic relationship, or if one came from the other, that’s pretty much unknown. Another interesting fact
about the Pharaoh Hound in terms of its use for hunting, and what’s recognized
in the breed standard, is a white tip on the
tail of the Pharaoh Hound is considered desirable. And, that is believed to
be because of the fact that they would go out and hunt, and it was on very rocky
and cavernous terrain. And, the Pharaoh Hound farmers who used them for rabbit hunting,
would be able to see when they had spotted a
rabbit because their head would go down, their tails
would go straight up in the air, and they would see the white
tail tip on the Pharaoh Hound. It’s also rumored that
farmers used Pharaoh Hounds with actual ferrets when hunting. When the Pharaoh Hound
would chase the rabbit, and the rabbit would go into a hole, they would then send in the
ferret to flush the rabbit out. The one thing in terms
of having a Pharaoh Hound as a pet that all potential
pet owners should know, is that the Pharaoh Hound
is a very vocal breed. If you are close to neighbors, or if you are gone for
extended periods of time, the Pharaoh Hound may not
be the right pet for you. Because they are a very vocal breed, and they will bark both at their displeasure and for pleasure. So, my trick is when, every
Pharaoh Hound that I’ve gotten, the first trick that I’ve
taught my Pharaoh Hounds are to speak on command,
so that I was able to then turn that off and
not reward that behavior when I didn’t ask for it. But, they are a very vocal breed. Like all sight hounds, the Pharaoh Hound is not what one would
typically call a cuddly dog. However, they are an
incredibly affectionate dog with their owners. The breed says that they may be aloof, particularly with
strangers, but in terms of their own family, they
usually get very connected to at least one person,
and that is the person that they probably exhibit
the most affection for. When they, another interesting thing about the Pharaoh Hound, is
when they become excited, or pleased with something, they are known as a dog that blushes. So, their face, the insides of their ears, and their chest area will
all flush a bright red color. So, they’re called the blushing dog. Pharaoh Hounds are also incredibly good, typically, with children. Cats may be a different story. Animal aggression with
a Pharaoh Hound is rare, however they do have an innate instinct to hunt and to chase. So, unless your Pharaoh Hound is raised from a very young age around cats, you would need to use a lot
of, exercise a lot of caution when introducing a Pharaoh Hound, particularly an older
Pharaoh Hound, to cat. The socialization for the Pharaoh Hound, particularly at a young age,
is absolutely essential. So, socialization of the Pharaoh Hound, particularly at a young age,
is absolutely essential. They’re a sight hound, which means because they can be aloof,
they’re not socialized at a young age, meeting
strangers, going to new places where there are different
sounds and sights and noises, is really going to
potentially give you a dog that is skittish, or standoffish. Which we don’t want, the
Pharaoh Hound standard says the dog should be
affectionate and friendly. The best way to accomplish that is early, early socialization. In terms of training, the Pharaoh Hound is incredibly easy to train. Partly because they are an
incredibly food motivated dog, which always makes training easier. However, they’re also a stubborn dog, and can be unpredictable at times. That’s why we never
recommend that Pharaoh Hounds are off leash in an area
that’s not completely enclosed. I can’t stress enough, they
are not an off leash breed because no matter how well
trained your Pharaoh Hound may be, they are sight hounds. If they spot something a quarter of a mile down the road, that you may not even see, and they’re off leash, no
matter how well trained, if that Pharaoh Hound
decides it’s going to go after whatever it’s spotted,
the dog won’t come back. So, it’s very dangerous for the dog. So, they are not an off leash breed unless they’re in a contained environment. They are very trainable,
however, with a small stubborn streak, and a
wide mischievous streak. So, the right personality
for a Pharaoh Hound owner be somebody who’s fairly
active, who it’s not, this is not a dog that’s going
to be content being housed inside 23 hours out of the day, or laying around on the couch. They are an active, busy breed. They need to be exercised,
they need to be worked, they need to be active,
because if you don’t give them that kind of activity, their frustration will manifest itself in chewing and other
destructive behaviors. So, the Pharaoh Hound
is a breed that needs a fair amount of exercise,
it’s certainly not a couch dog, or a lap dog. There are many activities
that the Pharaoh Hound can engage in, not only dog
showing, or confirmation. But also, Pharaoh Hounds, a lot of them typically compete in lure coarsing events where they’ll be out on the field, and they chase after a simulated rabbit. Great exercise for
them, and also obviously employs their natural hunting instinct. The ideal home for the Pharaoh Hound is a home that has a
backyard that’s obviously needs to be completely fenced. We recommend, the Pharaoh
Hound Club of America, recommends that Pharaoh
Hounds have a backyard with no less than a six foot fence, because Pharaoh Hounds can
scale anything lower than that. So, that’s the ideal home. They certainly can live in an apartment, or in a condominium. That’s just going to increase, with no backyard, it’s going to increase the amount of activity that you’re going to have to do outside of the home. In terms of the health
of the Pharaoh Hound, we are a breed that has been very lucky in terms of genetic diseases. They are a very healthy breed, not subject to a lot of genetic issues. We do see cancer at times in the breed. And, there are other issues. But, no serious genetic issues that pop up with a lot of frequency. The life expectancy of the Pharaoh Hound is typically 12 to 15 years. Another issue that Pharaoh Hound owners should be aware of, is within
the Pharaoh Hound community we all know what the phrase
counter-surfer means. And, that is because Pharaoh Hounds are notorious for stealing
food off kitchen counters. And, they do it with amazing
stealth and amazing efficiency. They are a really somewhat
goofy and clownish breed. They are incredibly entertaining. When they get excited they also smile, and will show you all their teeth, when they’re excited or happy to see you. They are a very smart, and
goofy, clownish sort of breed. So, the first dog that I showed you today, his name is Wink. He came from an incredibly special litter, and has accomplished really great things. He is a best in show winner. He has won, he is a multiple Pharaoh Hound Club of America national specialty winner. He is a multiple hound group winner. He is a hound show, best in show winner. He also competes in lure coursing. He is a multiple best in field winner. And, last year he was the number one Pharaoh Hound in the United States. And then, the second dog that you saw was Wink’s son, from the first litter that he is the sire of. And, his name is Walker. He’s very young, he’s at 14 months old. Dog’s can’t compete in confirmation until they’re six months old. So, I began showing Walker
when he was six months old. And, at eight and a half months, he had finished his
confirmation championship. Very, very early, very rare that a dog has finished his
confirmation championship. He accomplished that
by going best of breed over dogs that were already champions. Interestingly, I had
never seen a Pharaoh Hound in person before my first
one arrived from New York. And, I will tell you that from the moment that dog came out of his
crate from the airplane, I fell in love with the breed. They are unlike any other breed, and I’ve had a lot of
different breeds of dogs. They are unique in their characteristics, in their personalities, and they’re an incredibly special, special breed.

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