In the autumn of 2007 the Office for National Statistics (ONS) has published statistics in relation to employee jobs, VAT registrations/deregistrations, gross value added and mean earnings. This key statistics section outlines the new data for Cardiff, along with the latest claimant count unemployment data.


The total number of jobs in Cardiff in 2005, including self-employed people and government supported trainees, stood at 212,000. This equates to just over one job for every person of working age in Cardiff. In comparison there are roughly three jobs for every four people of working age throughout Wales as a whole.

Total Jobs and Jobs Density 2005
Area Total jobs* Jobs density
Cardiff 212,000 1.04
Wales 1,381,000 0.78
United Kingdom 31,377,000 0.84
Source: Annual Business Inquiry, Labour Force Survey, DfES, DWP, MoD

* The total number of jobs is a workplace-based measure of jobs and comprises: employees (from the Annual Business Inquiry), self-employment jobs (from the local area Labour Force Survey), government-supported trainees (from DfES and DWP) and HM Forces (from MoD). The number of jobs in an area is composed of jobs done by residents (of any age) and jobs done by workers (of any age) who commute into the area.
The Annual Business Inquiry provides data on the total number of employees, and excludes self employment.

More recent employment data is available from the Annual Business Inquiry. Between 2005 and 2006 the Annual Business Inquiry estimates the number of employees in Cardiff fell by 2.2%. Over the same period employee jobs fell by 0.5% and 0.7% for Wales and Great Britain respectively. Most of the fall in jobs between 2005 and 2006 in Cardiff were experienced in the public administration, education & health sector, where according to the Annual Business Inquiry the number of jobs fell by over 5,500.

Annual Business Inquiry Employment Data 2006
  Cardiff Wales Great Britain
Total Employees 195,052 1,190,000 26,503,100
% Change 2005-2006 -2.2% -0.5% -0.7%
Employment by Industry, 2006 (%):
Agriculture 0.1% 1.2% 0.9%
Energy & Water 0.2% 0.6% 0.6%
Manufacturing 5.4% 13.4% 10.9%
Construction 6.3% 5.3% 4.8%
Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants 20.0% 23.4% 23.5%
Transport & Communications 5.5% 4.3% 5.9%
Banking, Finance & Insurance 25.4% 14.2% 21.2%
Public Admin, Education & Health 29.6% 32.2% 26.9%
Other Services 7.5% 5.5% 5.3%
Source: Annual Business Inquiry 2004 & 2005, NOMIS, ! indicates figures for agriculture and energy & water for Cardiff are confidential

The service sector dominates employment in Cardiff, accounting for 88.4% of all employees within the city. Employment in the business and financial services sector is especially important in Cardiff, providing jobs for 25.4% of all employees, compared with 14.2% for all of Wales and 21.2% for Great Britain as a whole. Manufacturing accounts for just 5.4% of employees, less that half the comparable Wales figure of 13.4% and lower than the Great Britain figure of 10.9%.


In January 2008, the claimant count resident based unemployment rate for Cardiff was 2.2% - lower than the Wales and UK rates of 2.3% and 2.2% respectively.

Unemployment Claimants and Resident Based Unemployment Rates
Unemployment Claimants
January 2008
Resident Based Unemployment Rate
January 2008
  Male Female Total Male Female Total
Cardiff 3,633 982 4,615 3.4 1.0 2.2
Wales 31,113 10,240 41,353 3.3 1.2 2.3
UK 610,107 220,435 830,542 3.1 1.2 2.2
Source: Nomis/Office for National Statistics

The number of unemployment claimants in Cardiff as of January 2008 stands at 4,615 - some 312 less than during January 2007, equating to a 6.3% decrease. This resulted in a decline in the claimant rate in Cardiff from The overall claimant count rate fell from 2.4% in March 2006 to 2.2% in March 2007.

Claimant Rate for Cardiff January 2007 to January 2008

Source: Nomis/Office for National Statistics

Mean Earnings

Gross workplace earnings in Cardiff in 2007 stood at £512.10 per week for full-time workers. This figure is more than £41 per week greater than the comparable Wales figure of £472.10. Workplace earnings grew by 4.5% between 2006 and 2007 in Cardiff, exceeding comparable growth in Wales and the UK of 1.3% and 2.8% respectively.

Gross Weekly Mean Full-Time Pay (Workplace-based) 2007
  Cardiff Wales UK
Male Full Time Workers 557.1 510.7 606.1
Female Full Time Workers 453.4 417.6 462.8
Full Time Workers 512.9 472.1 549.8
Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings

Resident earnings in Cardiff exceed workplace earnings. As of 2007 gross weekly mean earnings for residents of Cardiff in full-time employment were £541 per week, over £56 a week greater than the Welsh average, and around £10 less than the UK average. Residence-based gross weekly full-time earnings grew by 6.0% in Cardiff between 2006 and 2007, greater than the comparable growth rates for Wales and the UK of 2.4% and 2.8% respectively.

Gross Weekly Mean Full-Time Pay (Residence-based) 2007
  Cardiff Wales UK
Male Full Time Workers 578.3 524.3 606.1
Female Full Time Workers 485.9 425.0 462.8
Full Time Workers 540.7 484.1 549.8
Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings

VAT Registered Companies

The number of VAT registered businesses in Cardiff grew quicker than both Welsh and UK averages between 2005 and 2006.. At the end of 2006 there were 8,305 of VAT registered businesses in Cardiff, an increase of 170 from the previous year. This equates to an increase in the number of VAT registered businesses of 2.2% over this period.

VAT Registrations / Deregistrations
  Cardiff Wales UK
Stock of firms, end of 2005 7,865 83,690 1,917,615
VAT registrations 2006 780 6,625 182,205
VAT De-registrations 2006 610 5,320 143,070
Stock of firms, end of 2006 8,035 84,995 1,956,750
% Change 2005-2006 2.2% 1.6% 2.0%
Source: Nomis/VAT Registered Businesses
NOTE: All figures rounded to the nearest 5.

Business density in Cardiff, measured as the number of VAT registered businesses per 1,000 inhabitants, lags both the Welsh and UK averages. At the end of 2006 there were just over 25 businesses per 1,000 inhabitants in Cardiff, compared with over 28 businesses per 1,000 inhabitants throughout Wales as a whole and 32.3 businesses per 1,000 inhabitants throughout the UK. Much of the difference in business density rates between Cardiff and Wales can be explained by low numbers of VAT registered businesses in the agricultural sector (which traditionally has high levels of self-employment) within the Welsh capital. Removing agricultural businesses from the business density calculations reveals higher levels of business density in Cardiff than the comparable figure for Wales, although by this measure it still lags the UK average.

Business Density and Business Start-up Rates 2006
  VAT registered businesses per 1,000 inhabitants VAT registrations per 1,000 inhabitants
Cardiff 25.3 2.5
Wales 28.7 2.2
UK 32.3 3.0
Source: Nomis/VAT Registered Businesses

The business start-up rate in Cardiff in 2006, measured by the number of VAT registrations per 1,000 inhabitants, exceeds the Welsh average, but falls behind the start-up rate for the UK as a whole. In 2006 the business start-rate for Cardiff stood at 2.5 VAT registrations per 1,000 inhabitants. Over a two-fifths of all VAT registrations in Cardiff during 2006 were in the real estate, renting and business activities sector.

Gross Value Added

Gross Value Added measures the contribution to the economy of each individual producer, industry or sector in the UK. GVA data is available for the Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan NUTS3 area, which highlights a total economic output of almost £9bn in 2004. This equates to 22.4% of Wales' total economic output, despite Cardiff and the Vale accounting for just 15% of the total population of Wales.

Headline gross value added at current basic prices 2005
  Total (£m) £ per head Index, UK less Extra Regio =100
Edinburgh, City of 13,017 28,432 159
Belfast 7,180 26,792 150
Nottingham 6,957 24,563 138
Glasgow City 14,108 24,375 137
Bristol City of 9,506 23,434 131
Leeds 15,268 20,613 116
Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan 8,978 20,577 115
Birmingham 18,038 17,984 101
UNITED KINGDOM 1,096,629 18,205 100
Tyneside 13,603 16,898 95
Greater Manchester 42,082 16,546 93
Liverpool 7,133 16,321 92
Sheffield 8,265 15,823 89
Wales 40,711 13,784 77
Source: National Statistics

GVA per head, measured as workplace GVA per head of resident population, stood at £20,577 for Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan in 2005, 15% higher than the comparable UK figure , and 50% higher than the comparable Wales figure. Growth in GVA per capita in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan has exceeded UK growth since 1997; the area's index of GVA per Capita has risen from 104 in 1997 to 115 in 2005

Headline gross value added per head Cardiff & the Vale of Glamorgan 2004
(Index, UK less extra regio =100)

Source: National Statistics

Key statistics have been produced by Cardiff Council's Economic Policy Team

© Cardiff Futures 2008